With a little delay I would now like my two cents to the 3. Add the anniversary of the earthquake-tsunami-nuclear disaster. In the Japanese television ran to the occasion several documentaries or snapshots, some interesting facts brought to light by harrowing.
This includes the situation in the disaster areas simply. It was very quick clean up – which must be conceded. A large proportion of debris disappeared already after one year, and much more the year after. But what happened after that? Unfortunately, not much. By sources, I can not come up unfortunately, but it has been mentioned, for example, that
– Only 4% of residents, which would have to be located above the sea level, were actually resettled
– Only 2% the really new to build houses were built
– 0% of the tsunami hazard statement supporting new land use planning have been completed.
Will hot: Places like Minamisanriku or Ōtsuchi, which were almost completely destroyed, are indeed cleaned up, but: What remains is an uninhabited wasteland, and you do not know, what is to come of it.
Is there a lack of money? Probably not. It is verhanden enough money to rebuild – even so much, that even outlandish, receive distant projects money in watering method. It would be planning. And that goes something like this: To ever plan first, the dikes need to be rebuilt, since most were destroyed. And the dikes must be higher and wider. But most of the land belongs to someone behind. In not a few cases are in the land several owners as a community, who have purchased or received the country many decades ago. These people must be bought from the country (be fetched or the consent, cede the land). If the original owner passed away, the children need to be addressed. Or the grandchildren. And then you come to, for example around 200 People, scattered throughout the country, which one must personally respond, ransom to one or the other ha. This effort understandably overwhelmed the authorities.
On the other hand, the unrouted do not agree in many cases. Some want to resettle, others want to definitely stay. A group fighting to, that a ruin as a reminder to future generations remains – another group wants to eliminate the consequences completely. Accordingly, it is a mammoth task, to find a consensus for every little reconstruction project.
Some Japanese broadcasts on the subject of Fukushima were also very interesting. Even though some may think in Europe, that the issue in Japan does not play a big role more — it is not so. In Japan, you look with horror on that, what's happening in Fukushima. But at the same time you talk about it like in Japan, as radioactive contaminated sites are cleaned and the residents go back soon. An expert on the subject – I am sorry to here again owe a source – said, the cause of the frequent “smaller” Asked accidents at nuclear power plants, quite succinctly: Of course something like this is occurring increasingly, because there are not too many nuclear experts, and most of them are busy, prepare other nuclear power plant for the re-opening. That makes sense, but can not be cynical: You gambled the future of our country, only to similar potential hazard to call back to life. This logic is a real perverse.
Who more determined to make progress – interested or non-progress in the reconstruction, which is the website of the Ministry for Reconstruction (Renaissance Hall) commended: www.reconstruction.go.jp. The quality and number of data, however, is sparse, but it must be so comfortable with a government website.
Two years ago, it is now so, since a major earthquake Japan by half- and another country 10’000 km west roused regarding nuclear energy. Over 15’000 Dead, more than 3’000 Missed, devastated land, at least 50’000 People, the next due to the nuclear disaster in Fukushima in the 4 Years (the government estimated optimistic) can not return home, Headlines such as “Domestic violence increases in the disaster area” and so on and so forth – disaster pulls behind a long trail of terror and they will play for a long time in the conscience of the people a great role. In a positive sense, since the disaster had released a large amount of positive energy, mediated by numerous people at- and abroad, who declared themselves ready, wanting to help, however. In a negative sense as well, since the quake and the tsunami washed out a huge amount of dirt – from the bowels of politics and the economy. This shit is still good for headlines in Japan (so only recently, was known as, that it is likely already the earthquake and the tsunami was not first, of the NPP was an end).
Has learned from the disaster in Japan? Yes and no. It is still too early, judge this to. And Japan has already, unfortunately, had many opportunities, to learn from vergangegenen earthquake disasters, and we have also learned much: At least as far as earthquake. But not, what tsunami and proper risk analysis in the construction of nuclear power plants in terms. In terms of tsunami long ago recognized geologists then, Before the disaster that densely populated areas with good reason were not previously colonized.
The geological risk analysis of nuclear power plants have to be careful, on whom to point the finger: Geologists and engineers at all the same measurement techniques and experimental values are available than before 40 Years. After all, it is now but it, the nuclear power stations to take afresh look at the, and – this is the real novelty – inform the public of the results. Or, in other words, The press is finally interested, because the audience seems to want to know more.
This tactic carries its risks – for the population: Ultimately, the leaders are trying so, to legitimize individual NPP. However, the press and public are now aware enough, and there is hardly a corner in Japan, in which there is no active faults, falls through a nuclear plant after another. So it seems at least for now. With luck, the science makes it even for inspection. But this is expressed very optimistic, because it does not look like this, seems as if you seriously looking for alternatives for a sustainable energy supply.
Two years after the disaster still live approximately 310’0000 People in shelters. This is explained not necessarily so, that there is a lack of structure agents. In some places it is simply because, that one can not decide, where to build the respective city again. The survivors are quite involved in the decision process, and so it is in some places to a Stuttgart 21 in small town size: Some want to build right there again, where the water was raging – just behind higher dikes. The other, and some places that are in the minority, would rather settle a few miles inland. Still others, and not a few, have had enough and just want to get completely away. There is fear of an accelerated depopulation of the Northeast, and the right to – emigration to keep anyway for decades.
Today, it was said to 14:46 So again Silent prayer! (mokutō – “Silent prayer”) and in many places the sirens wailed. I would not mind, if abolishing peculiar holidays like the Greenery Day or the Day of the Sea, and instead the 11. March declared a holiday: A holiday to commemorate the earthquake- and tsunami victims as well as a reminder of the day of, what can happen, if you play carelessly with fire.
Anyone who has recently received positive reports about – whether print or television, Japanese, English or German – let me know!
That was just a pretty long quake. The center was apparently in Aomori Pref., but it was very, clearly felt in Tokyo. A tsunami warning was also given out just for Miyagi and environment, so be careful on the coast!
The earth quaked just has strong – not as strong as for many weeks more. The center was apparently only a kilometer away from me, in Tokyo oder Westchiba. A first overview of the JMA intensity shows 4 Tokyo Center for, Yokohama, Kawasaki usw.
The quake was not strong enough, to inflict significant damage to (as long as the information is correct about the epicenter), but it was certainly strong enough, to shake up just about every (not really intended as a pun). In this sense,… good night!
And, the issue will disappear naturally after more than a year, gradually from the minds, Unfortunately, the misery goes for many further. For example, for thousands of people in 南 相 马 Minami-Soma, which is still in temporary accommodation, ie containers, have to endure. Most of them have either lost their homes in the tsunami or were forced to flee from the exclusion zone around the damaged nuclear power plant, as parts of the city are within the exclusion zone. In both cases, there is still propagated uncertainty: What will be the land use plan for the tsunami-prone districts? Will there be a complete ban on the construction – and be compensated in case the people? Even more uncertain is the future course for the people, coming from the exclusion zone. There are considerations, Parts of the exclusion zone again to make limited access, But all this will take time, and since even the creeping danger would be the natural radiation levels are still high.
Distribution of donations at the 1. Januar in Minami-Soma
In addition, that the radioactive particles could obviously only gradually in the water cycle. The drinking water from rivers relating resident, from the high mountains in the hinterland of spring. But - especially in the mountains is the unusually high radiation. You do not need to be an expert geographer, or Radiation, to figure out, what will happen in the foreseeable future with the drinking water. However: Measured values do not exist, or they will not be published or, if they learn too late. The inhabitants of the uncertain course, and they understandably prefer to buy their water at the supermarket. There does, however, from a liter 80 Yen pro Liter, instead of 0.18 yen, that it would cost, when the water would be drinkable from the tap. Since the authorities do not recognize the problem, pay for the course, all out of pocket.
And so goes the save Minamisoma project (SMP) continue indefinitely. It must go on, yes because it has no improvements. The residents of the container you can say bad “Well, was nice with you, yes but now is a good year around, should then slowly extend the time”. Sure, they would understand it somewhere. But they were disappointed in any case very.
Last year I had first reported on SMP, and also called for donations. It came in this way, all in all about. 300 € concluded. I thanked all the donors, of course, personally, But still again to all: Thank-you! The money was very good, and the members of Save Minamisoma and of course, especially those concerned know very much appreciate it.
Help call for Japan
Some time later, Frank reported Borsitz DinJ and asked for the list, whether or not anyone know of an organization, could use the donations organized by him. Now, I knew someone there, and so came 420 € or. at that exchange rate 45,000 Yen an SMP. So at this point a big thank you to Frank – for the idea, for the confidence and the smooth running. Frank after the disaster site Help call for Japan put in motion and moving numerous companies and individuals for donations to. Part of it was now on SMP.
Next, I was by Enrico, a friend and regular readers (I know his wife now for over 15 Years, him personally for about 6 Years) addressed - the “Free speech helps e.V.”, a Thuringian club, looking for a suitable recipient for donations, thanks to the readers of the newspaper “Free Word” came together for Japan and various activities of the association. In this way, SMP was a donation of € 12'908 .46, also fast 1,4 Millionen Yen, to.
Free speech helps e.V.
For this reason, I would like to hereby thank all Thuringians, who have donated or otherwise participated in activities were. The willingness to help not only here locally, but also on human, which are quite far way from Japan (or Sri Lanka, Somalia, Haiti – wherever donations and aids of any kind are used) is not really encouraging and had its effect on those directly affected. At this point, next to Enrico, a big thank you to Mr. Ermert by the association or. deputy editor of the journal “Free Word” and to Yvonne Reissig, a journalist from Eisenach, the saw to, that everything went off without a hitch with the donations.
And that is thanks to the donations go further SMP. So long, again to the people there have a perspective. If you would like to participate in some way, can do it a lot still – either with or Spendne, if local, with participation (Inquire about Facebook Page).
Exactly one year ago, against 15:30 and after two severe earthquakes within half an hour, I wrote the following sentence to this blog:
Overview of damages are not available yet, But this is a black day for Japan.
Unfortunately, I should have more right with this set of, than I like. At the time the first tsunami wave hit on the mainland, But I would not know until the evening of that day. That blows up a little later several blocks of a nuclear power plant, I also had had no conception. No, This day will burn into the memory, because it changed the lives of many millions of people here, and it changed my life.
Today at 14:46, exactly 1 Year after the disaster, Japan sank into a moment of silence. Which was in train stations, in shopping centers, on urban public address systems, etc.. proclaimed: Silent prayer! (mokutō) – a silent prayer! All paused. Well, Children up to the course.
Of course there is the anniversary of an infinite number of new articles in the media, and countless new documentation. I'm new documentaries, it allows my time, sight – and recommend, If I think something to be recommended.
Soon I will again contribute to the “Save Minamisōma”-Initiative widmen, because there are a few people, here where I want to thank all officially.
I thank all the readers at this point again, which I held in the past year the loyal and useful as this blog will hopefully halfway, though subjective source of information are considered.
On Friday I was interviewed by a radio station - the same station I had already given an interview about a year ago. The question surprised me: “The year went by really fast, or slow?”. I do not know. Probably more slowly. One thing I know at least: For the first time in my life I was happy New Year, that the old year was finally over.
We have also attached a summary of the articles on the topic - for all, are not all that long while, and for those, who want to understand once, what happened.
It's just one of those days, where it all comes together. Looked through the morning news – and the following message when I catch the eye: Chance for a severe earthquake within the next capital 4 Years is at 70 Percent. Before the severe earthquake last year, it was said in this regard: 70% in the next 30 Years. From these calculations, one may think, was man will, but the fact, that the plate boundaries and dislocations on since the quake 11. March 2011 have lost stability, can not be dismissed out of hand. In recent 10 Months, there were on average 1.5 Magnitude earthquake 3 to 6 in the Capital Region – these are 5 times more than before the severe earthquake. The widely feared Suto chokka 首都 直下 地震 Jishi – Earthquakes directly under the capital is expected for a long time, because even in the capital there are numerous faults – for example, in northwestern Chiba and Hachioji in. When an earthquake is expected with a thickness of 6.7 to 7.2 and a death toll of about. 11’000 People – partly caused by fires, you can expect with certainty in such a densely populated area.
Well. In the evening just before 9 – I was in a meeting – It was also the same again a lesson – the office began a little longer, to wiggle. But this quake was not in Tokyo, but in Fukushima, and it was also “only” a 5.1. There went out to the point, however, gradually: Heavy snowfall, sometimes accompanied by thunder and lightning, began. No, it is not really boring here.
If the 12. February 2012 is opened and hopefully withstand earthquakes: Die 2'933 m lange Tokyo Gate Bridge
I hasten, go to the main road – which runs parallel to the fishing harbor and goes towards the center. Suddenly there is an announcement by loudspeaker across the city, initiated by a “ding dong dong also!” Speaker systems come in all Japanese towns and neighborhoods, and usually they are used only for festive or mournful affairs. During the coming years I will associate this announcement in any case certainly with the aftermath of the quake – “Ding dong dong also – Please wait a few days, until the water again”, or “ding dong dong also – in 30 Minutes, shut off the power” there were typical announcements. In Miyako warned the announcement Hindes before a higher tide than usual. Of, as in the previous section already mentioned, large areas along the coast by several meters down sagging, it needs no year and no tsunami tidal wave more, set to parts of the city under water. End of story.
Gas station in Miyako
I walk slowly back towards the station. The sea I do not see it, since it behind a large, black concrete wall is hidden. Those who had overcome the tsunami effort, but can not destroy. The town center into the traces of the disaster still recognizable – scattered houses lacking, in others, the ground floor boarded up, some gas stations and other facilities are indeed cleared, but are still propagated around destroyed much.
After a short round, and a strengthening in the center of manageable Miyako I walk over a bridge to the south, because there is my hotel. Two of the three bridges, underneath the railway bridge, were destroyed. The road bridge is being restored, But the web is probably not continue in the coming years. Until the hotel is a good one forty-five minutes – Also here the same picture: High protective wall between city and port, and great destruction behind the protective wall. But after all, is still more than half. The hotel had also caught at that time – The entire ground floor was then under water and can not be still in use. In the hotel room for instructions: In tsunami warnings at least into the 3. Stock run, everything about it is safe. At night, thank God I find a small ramen shack near – There is no more, also no Konbini or similar. The only, what's nearby, is a huge big Pachinkoladen, and looks brand new. The Ramen lift my mood not just: Ramen so bad I have not eaten for a long time.
Car wrecks in the harbor of Miyako
In the morning it goes against 8 Clock out. First, I dare but a glance out the window – From there you can overlook the bay and beautiful parts of the port. And a large junkyard, on the post-tsunami wrecked cars collected were pushed together. I pack my things and make my way to the bus stop. The bus arrives on time and almost always leaves the coast to 陆 中 山田 Rikuchū-Yamada. The bus goes down hills and mountains high, to the coast and away from the coast. As soon as we are near the water, everything is destroyed. As soon as we go away, Everything looks normal. From the center of town stands Yamada just a concrete dike and four modern residential blocks, apparently to 2. Floor had been flooded. Everything else is gone – only foundations are. The bus runs right through the old town, Here and there rise a, two people on and off again soon. Behind the place it goes up a hill, and the bus stops at a 道 の 駅 Michi-no-eki – a kind of larger resting place on highways. Such service areas are everywhere.
The area looks fantastic – das Meer, the bay, the mountains – a dreamlike landscape. In the motel hang photos of Yamada after the tsunami: Obviously the tsunami rolled across the city until about, and then burned the rest of the city. A horrible sight on the photos – smoldering debris in cloudy, brackish water.
Bay of Rikuchū-Yamada
In the motel, I'm waiting for the next bus, I then take them to the Kamaishi. The place is only good 45 Minutes. While I am waiting since so, approached me two Japanese women: A very young woman and an older woman. Reminds me of something that combination, But I'm not on it in time, for I feel speaks to the young woman – in English, if I could Japanese. And and. Whether I tour through the disaster area. No, not really. 'm Just passing through. And, they were also on tour of the disaster area – to give comfort. A bad idea come true: They are Jehovah's Witnesses, to catch souls. I remain friendly, But tight-lipped. If I do not… “No, I am an atheist” (Although not quite true). I want to get rid of the only two. The people here can determine the Jehovah's Witnesses as well use as a third leg.
Finally, the bus and I'm going on the two. Beside me, two passengers on the bus, somewhere in front of me. After several miles we pass by a makeshift hospital in the mountains. Then it goes steeply down to another bay. The name on the street sign seems very familiar: 大 槌 Otsuchi. That was the city, in the post-tsunami, almost all residents were missing! At a destroyed hospital over it then goes to the city or, what was left of it. And that's not much. It looks exactly the same, as in the photographs of Nagasaki and Hiroshima after the atomic bombing: Here and there stands the remnant of a more robust, higher building – everything else is just gone. An absolute nightmare. This town was completely wiped out really, but the bus drives off his normal route. Then turn the bus off to the right, Towards domestic. A swing of the visual field, but even here: All gone. Since no one is sitting behind me, movies I make a piece of the journey with my camera:
Map of the center of Otsuchi: Almost the entire center was below sea level
If you look at Otsuchi alone, It is bordered on the miraculous, that the number of victims is, which it is. In this city alone, the number would not surprise. Meanwhile at the bus stops on passenger demand, namely at the bus stop 中央 公民 馆 (The central community center). Only – there is nothing more. One of the passengers get off anyway. My God, what must the people of this city have undergone. And what will happen here in the future? I had already observed in Miyako, I had almost feared: Many people simply build their homes in the same place again on. There is, however, in Otsuchi, As far as I know, Freeze. The question is not, when, but if and where you will build again. Will the city have abandoned? The most precarious was in town the way, the fact, that the Mayor and all department heads at City Hall have been swept away by the tsunami: The inhabitants of the city were therefore asked to complete the tsunami for several days on their own, there was no connection to the outside world.
A more detailed, Part Two (Part 1 on the move here) my brief tour of the Iwate Prefecture:
Map of the Tour by Iwate
First of all the route, illustrate the situation of the places somewhat. It went first to the Shinkansen to Morioka, capital of the prefecture of Iwate. That not even a three-hour. After a night in Morioka we went with an express train to the coast, to Miyako (good 2 Hours). After a night there, it should go to Tono. Tono is from the coast of Kamaishi forth pretty easily accessible. As the line of Miyako Kamaishi but unusable after an unpredictable time left, I went out of it, go back to Morioka and back from there rather inconvenient to have to Tono. Unless… I learned in Miyako, that there should be a mid bore regular bus service to Kamaishi. Therefore, the route changed spontaneously in the shorter – also nach Kamaishi, and then by train to Tono. That should save me a few hours and several thousand yen, but it also meant, I take the bus across the To be disaster to (hisaichi) Disaster area would drive. This should be good 9 Months after the tsunami actually be alright. Though: I would do the same, if I did not write this blog? Probably not. Ever since the earthquake me or this blog. his readers so far changed, I have a feeling, reasonable to have to inform (or it can be quite). But I digress again starting. After a night in Miyako so it went by bus to 陆 中 山田 Rikuchū-Yamada (1 Hour) and then take another bus to 釜 石 Kamaishi (45 Minutes). After a few hours' stay it went from there by rail to 遠野 Tōno (1 Hour). The next day we went to Tono with newly diagnosed lung inflammation Hiraizumi 平泉, I left out there in the hostel then spoiled with fresh oysters the stomach. And, This tour will be remembered. The following day (still unaware of the disastrous effect of bad oysters) It went back to Tokyo.
But first, to Miyako: Miyako was one of the first towns taken by the tsunami, es the relativ nah am Epizentrum lag. Though: Although it is so close (good 100 km) the epicenter was, had the quake here “only” a strong 5 on the Japanese intensity scale (Maximum: 7) – a strong 5 We were there as well, where I live, and that's good 400 km. The main quake was 14:46 instead of – the largest wave reached by Miyako 35 Minutes, and later calculated that the wave was in places almost 38 Meters high.
Coast at Jōdo-ga-hama
Miyako bzw. almost the entire coast of Iwate Prefecture is known for its special form – this type of coast is called Ria Coast. Will hot, The coastline is heavily dissected, with countless, long and branched bays and many islands and islets. Such a thing is elsewhere – in Ireland and Brittany, for example,. The coast is just beautiful at Miyako. Particularly well known there is a section called 浄土ヶ浜 Jodo-ga-pest. From the station you can take the bus Miyako no 15 Minutes there. From the bus stop you walk still scarce 10 Minutes, and one is already on the Pacific – on a white beach, which is separated from the horizon by a small chain of tiny islands. On the steep rocky pine defies the wind. Between the islands of the water over the rocks schwallt. On the beach stands a small monument by the local Rotary Club, which by the tsunami 24. More 1960 to remember: At that time a major earthquake in Chile sent a 10 Foot wall of water to Miyako. Thanks to the pre-established protection dyke, the shaft was at that time without consequences.
Coast of Miyako
Unlike the 11. March 2011: As a result of the earthquake of intensity 9.0 sank off the coast from a wide strip along the coast of Iwate a few meters. On the beach there is a beautiful riverside walk, partly through the tunnel. This road is now mostly under water and can not be entered. I walk into the little valley behind the cove. There is a big house, where you could eat and buy souvenirs before. The building is boarded up with planks, the toilets are flushed away and the transformer pole. I walk to the end of the narrow valley. There begins a little, unlit tunnel. “Because of the earthquake entering forbidden” there is, but the entrance is not blocked, and far back you can see the other end. The tunnel seems to be free, So I walk into, slightly bent, because the tunnel does not 2 Meters high. After about. 250 Meters I am back on outdoor – not without its dangers, since part of the path is broken away below the output. I have to jump right, for I immediately took out his spray. Here too, the bank has significantly reduced. Everywhere are ruins around; the way the bank is half flooded and full of cracks. Would not go back the same way I, So I quickly toward the end of the cove. There are two bridges – a major road bridge and including a small, Broken Bridge – apparently broken by the tsunami. Wood and debris lying around everywhere.
District of Miyako after tsunami
I walk up the stairs from the Bay, past a cemetery. After a few meters up it goes down again, past a few houses, but then the houses disappear. Suddenly, there are only foundations: This is Octopus の-cho, – “Octopus beach district”, and everything was washed away from here to the harbor. Now, The ruins are all cleaned up – which still stands in this narrow valley are the foundations, provided to indicate how “Can be demolished” usw. The roads are all free and are well traveled, which seems a bit strange – a network of small streets, without houses. The bus drives through here and maintains the old stations, even if there is nothing for miles around. At the edge of the valley are completely unspoiled houses – the tsunami is not interested in it logically, besides which what is, but only for, what things are.
This morning I drove by express train from Morioka to Miyako – Miyako is a small town on the Pacific coast of Iwate Prefecture and was in many other cities in the region on 11. March hit by the tsunami. And not only that – The quake itself was already the maximum on the Japanese intensity scale 7.
What I want here? Firstly, Iwate has long been on my list. And the landscape is famous for Miyako. The ruins are also largely cleared. And the area lives in part by tourism, So why avoid.
Of course I'm also an ex-geographer with a focus on urban planning, a certain interest, to see, what will happen to the city. I'm not the first time – 1998 I was with my professor in Kobe, to make the same.
Now, the debris are cleaned up, and is in the city has returned to a certain degree normality, even if the disaster still seems to be the number one topic of conversation. The foreign aid seems to really be very welcome – Today, I walked behind two old men, who talked about. The first woman said, “Ah, My son was also washed away, that was really bad. But all the foreign aid is really impressive. Just yesterday, all students in the class of my grandson with Chinese sporting goods donated dressed”.
Yesterday I was at the bar in my ryokan a long conversation with an employee. Eventually we came to talk to Fukushima (which in this region here bequeathed much less evidence). He noted this, that he knows the chief of the planning team of the Onagawa nuclear power plant. In memory: Onagawa is also near the sea, is much closer to the epicenter turn. Onagawa was also hit by the tsunami and earthquake, while it was in operation – However, there is hardly anything happens. Apparently, however, was the chief planner for the construction of nuclear power plants fired, because the costs were for the safety of the price too much driven up.
More later. Tomorrow we take the bus to Kamaishi, and from there inland to Tono, Home of the Kappa.