Country name & national flag:
Česká Republika (Czech republic).
[ Č ] is pronounced [ch], hence the English form Czech (pronounced 'cheque').
The German name Tschechien is useful to know as well.
The national flag is not new - it was already used as the national flag of Czechoslovakia between
1920 and 1992. White and red are the colours of Bohemia, blue is the flag of Moravia.
Additionally, red, white and blue are the pan-Slavic colours and therefore also used in the
national flags of Russia and Serbia.
Location and area:
The Czech republic covers 78,886 km² only (appr. the same as South Carolina or Scotland) and is
landlocked. Bordering countries are Poland in the North, Slovakia in the East, Austria in the South and
Germany in the West.
Geography: The whole country is more or less green and hilly.
The border to Germany and Austria and also partially to Poland is marked by characteristic mountain ranges,
as there are the Šumava (aka Bavarian Forest) range in the Southwest, the
Krušné Hory (Ore Mountains) in the Northwest and the
Krkonoše (Giant mountains). The western part of the country, called
Bohemia, mostly consists of gentle hills. The eastern part
Moravia is covered by higher hills and mountains. Czech's highest mountain is the
1,602 m Sněžka (Snow mountain) in the middle of the Giant mountains.
Because of the topography, there's no river flowing into the territory of the Czech Republic - all
rivers drain the area. Among them, the Labe (the name is changing into 'Elbe' in Germany),
the famous Vltava (Moldau) and the Morava should be
mentioned. The mountainous areas are mostly covered by trees, but there's a serious problem with
dying forests. The hilly inner part of the country consists of arable land and some forests. Almost one third
of the country is covered by forests.
Population: Around 10.2 million people live in the Czech Republic - with a clear
downward tendency. As many other countries in middle and Eastern Europe, Czech struggles
with the ongoing negative population growth rate due to the decline in the birthrate and the
overaging of the society. 81% of the people are Czech (Bohemians), 13% Moravians (don't ask for
the difference), 3% Slovakians and smaller Polish, German (0.5%), Silesian, Gypsy, Hungarian and other
The ratio of religions is quite interesting - nearly 40% are Roman-Catholic, another
40% are non-religious. There are larger protestant and smaller orthodox minorities.¹.
Even before 1989, Czechoslovakia was one of the economically better situated countries in the
communist East. This of course could be said about standard of living as well. During the political and
economical upheavings at the beginning of the 1990ies, the Czech Republic experienced a
sharp economical decline. However, Czech didn't suffer as much as most other countries of the Eastern bloc.
The inflation could be stopped soon, and there's a sustainable growth of the economy and the GNP.
Fiscal policy remains stable as well, which means that it soon fulfilled all criteria for a EU membership.
And so the Czech Republic, among other countries such as
→Hungary, Poland and more,
had been admitted to the European Union in spring 2004. The EU-membership had been approved by plebiscite,
with around 75 % of the citizens voting for the membership.
Eversince, esp. foreign and domestic trade as well as the purchasing power parity are growing substantially.
Neighbouring Germany remains the most important import and export partner, with a share of around 40% for
both. Which is quite obvious - all bigger German chain stores, such as supermarkets and drugstores, can be found
here as well. Sometimes the visitor must look twice to find out where he really is - in Germany or in the
Czech Republic. Many companies were overtaken by German companies. The property market is dominated by
German buyers. It will be interesting to see how the EU-membership is going to influence the domestic market.
Politically, the Czech republic is among the most stable countries of former East bloc nations.
No coup d'états, no riots - instead of that, Vaclav Havel ruled the country
for 10 years starting in 1993. Vaclav Havel earned much respect nationally and internationally. Thanks to him,
the country could maintain resp. improve its good image throughout the world. In 2003, Havel retired. Soon after,
Vaclav Klaus was succeeded as the nation's president.
But there is one international dispute remaining. The princely family of Liechtenstein
lays claim to 1,600 km² of expropriated territory (10 times bigger then Liechtenstein!).
According to various reliable sources, an annexation of the Czech republic by
Liechtenstein's soldier(s) needn't be feared in the near future.