Auch wenn es im Ausland vielleicht nicht so deutlich wird – in Japan tobt nach wie vor ein erbitterter Streit um die Zukunft Japans in Sachen Energie. Während die jetzige Regierung unter Abe prinzipiell Pro-Atom ist, gibt es durchaus auch ernstzunehmenden Widerstand. Mitunter auch aus den eigenen Reihen. Als gewichtiger Opponent trat vor kurzem Koizumi, der für japanische Verhältnisse erstaunlicherweise recht populäre Ex-Ministerpräsident und. Mentor zahlreicher heutiger Regierungspolitiker. Koizumi wandelte sich offensichtlich vom Saulus zum Pauls: Einst war die Förderung der Nuklearenergie in Japan sein Metier, doch jetzt spricht er sich für ein kernkraftfreies Japan aus. Die Kommentare von der Regierungsbank dazu waren mehrheitlich negativ. Es ist eigentlich nicht üblich, seinem Mentor zu widersprechen, doch es fielen. Kommentare wie “es gibt halt viele verschiedene Meinungen” bis hin zu “(Koizumis Haltung ist) verantwortungslos. Koizumi konterte allerdings bei einer Veranstaltung völlig richtig – und zwar sinngemäß so: “Vor dem Unfall hat man es nicht geschafft, das Endlagerproblem zu lösen. Wer jetzt nach dem Unfall meint, dass die Kernenergie machbar ist, indem man das Endlagerproblem löst, denkt optimistisch und verantwortungslos”.¹
Mini-Solarkraftwerk: Solarzellen auf einer stillgelegten Bahntrasse (Präf. Miyazaki, 2012)
Interessant ist dabei eine Meldung von gestern, the 4. November 2013: In Kagoshimawurde feierlich “Megasolar” eingeweiht² – eine gigantische Solarenergieanlage. Auf einer Neulandinsel, für die sich lange Zeit kein Nutzer fand, wurden auf einer Gesamtfläche von 127 Hektar wurden dort 290’000 Solarmodule installiert – und zwar von京セラ Kyōcera (kurz für “Kyoto Ceramics” und ein Firmenname, der im deutschen Raum immer furchtbar falsch ausgesprochen wird, aber dies nur am Rande). Chinesische Solaranlagenbauer hatten sich auch um das rund 220 Millionen Euro teure Projekt beworben, doch laut offizieller Sprechweise stach das inländische Konsortium um Kyocera, IHI usw. die Mitbewerber in puncto Robustheit und Qualität aus. 70’000 Kilowatt soll die Anlage liefern – genug für über 20’000 Haushalte oder knapp 10% des Energiebedarfs der Stadt Kagoshima. Eine Preisgarantie über 20 Jahre für den von der Anlage eingespeisten Strom machte dieses Projekt letztendlich möglich.
Wirtschaftlich gesehen ist das für Japan eine feine Sache, zumal die einheimische Solarindustrie davon profitiert. Aus geographisch-geologischer Sicht ist der Standort zugegebenermassen gewagt. Der naheVulkan Sakurajimahat die Angewohnheit, alle paar Jahre die Gegend mit Asche zu überziehen. Sollte es dazu noch regnen, und das ist in Kagoshima weiss Gott nicht selten, kann man die Anlagen wahrscheinlich wegwerfen. Auch ein mittelschwerer Tsunami würde das gesamte Kraftwerk wegspülen. Und inwieweit die Anlage schweren Taifunen strotzt, remains to be seen. Betrachtet man zudem den Flächenverbrauch und den Energieausstoß, wird klar, dass Solarkraft in Japan keinen großen Beitrag leisten wird. Zumindest nicht in Form von Großanlagen. Ein Neuversuch des100’000-Dächer-Programms, also das Dezentralisieren der Solarenergiegewinnung, ist eine Überlegung wert.
Today JR (Japan Railways) – the former state, and still propagated by far the largest railway company in Japan, the application for a Environmental Impact Assessment presented for the maglev line¹. The project is under the name Chuo Shinkansen Chūō-Shinkansen (Central Shinkansen) known and will be driven by a magnetic levitation. This is as Super-power floating-type magnetic Genki Railroad (literally: superconducting magnetic levitation train type designated, but the word is so long, that the train has already gone away, to you it's pronounced. Therefore, the name Maghreb Maglev (von Magnetic levitation) common.
The application had been waiting a long time, because many potentially affected (not only in the negative sense, mind you) Communities want to know naürlich, where it goes long for now. The maglev is ultimately Tokyo with Osaka connect, but the first part of the route only used to Nagoya. This section is a total 246 km lang, in which 42,8 already exist km of track: As a test track, in der Präfektur Yamanashi. Three routes were available, but two of them were at least from the optical (ie: the look on the map) forth no sense, and so it was decided not surprising for the shortest route: Südalpenroute, with one station in the prefectures of Kanagawa, Yamanashi, Nagano and Gifu. The train can be up to 505 km / h, and the journey time is down to Nagoya from now 1 Hour 19 Minutes 40 Shorten minutes. The fare is rumored between 110 and 140% amount of the Shinkansen current price.
Portion of the planned route. Those: See link below
The total cost of the first section are enormous: Good 5 Yen Billionen, Also key 40 Billion €, to cost of construction. The trail crosses through the middle of the pampas and the mountains – 89% the route will see tunnel, and so is the train ride certainly very, very exciting. Or similar 40 Minute subway ride.
Of course, there are critical voices: Some are doubts, whether the train will be busy enough. The stations are located partly in places, which no man knows: Sagamihara, Kofu (now well, which is quite well known, because prefectural capital), Iida and Nakatsugawa. However, the revival of rural areas is a central project in Japan, Nakatsugawa von und Wenn man Nagoya bis statt 1.5 Hours only 10 Takes minutes, that certainly makes a lot of. JR has chosen a clever strategy, in order to have peace in the project planning: The rail company announced, that you will pay for everything out of pocket.
Scan fast alles – except washing: A microwave oven
19 Years she has done faithful service, but now it has gradually become obsolete: Our Microwave oven ōbun renji bzw. oven range. A strange hybrid of microwave and oven, the there seems to be little outside Japan, but is absent in Japan in almost any kitchen. This microwave oven agree almost two devices in one – a Microwave denshi renji – Microwave and Oven ōbun – an oven. Why are these things? It's simple: In Japan there are no ovens in the kitchens. Instead, there is usually a Gas stove (gasu konro) or Electric stove (Denki konro) (Gas- oder E-Koch Platte), the only 20 inch or so high, and are usually limited to two cooking surfaces – plus mini barbecue grill in the middle of the fish – and microwave. Or even a microwave oven.
Creates our 25-kilogram monster 250 Degree, but eventually he began to, vigorously to smoke. So screwed device, semi disassembled and thoroughly cleaned, and then it went back. The game was repeated several times, but now I can not even find the latest source of qualms. And the unit smokes from 150 Degree so strong, I've certainly legitimate concern, that the sprinkler system could address in the kitchen.
After a bit of research we found a device – See photo – has the looks fit and get good reviews: Also, a microwave oven naturally, yes because you want to occasionally bake what. Pizza, for example, or casseroles. Or bread. And what the devices can do everything these days. This thing rivals in terms of features at least with Blu-Ray HD recorders and who knows what else. The interior mimics probably a stone oven, can be up 350 And heating degree to 400 Degree hot steam blow. I hope, only inside… This is all still 8 rotating infrared sensors. And 31 Liter capacity. For larger microwaves are probably the 20, approximately normal ovens 50. Microwave ovens are really so in the middle.
Next, our rice cooker will probably have to be scrapped – the good piece is about as old and battered already abundant thanks to diligent hands of children. Let's see, how much we will let the cost… wer will, can be up to 1’000 Spend € for a rice cooker. Of course then the rice tastes quite, quite different… say the Japanese…
When I recently sat in the office and phoned with a Japanese partner, it went off suddenly: A strange squeaking threatening large numbers of mobile phones around the office. So spooky, since it is common practice normally, Phones on mute in the office. The squeaking was so clearly audible, that my counterpart on the phone (is in Osaka, I in Tōkyō) It even noticed and asked: “Is everything okay with you?”. I did the first with a “And” From hoped, that which was really as.
Now, looked after the phone call first: An urgent message was the, vom Stadtbezirk Shibuya (my work). The message included two words with Latin letters, the rest was Japanese: DRILL und DISASTERDRILL. The Japanese said in sentences about: “Evacuation preparation information” (oh, I love German). Among them was, the places where people can record how many.
Sudden increase of radioactivity!?
So it seems, that municipalities and towns can now send messages to all mobile devices, which at the time in the city- are or neighborhood area. This is good news (and especially in Japan more than necessary). I just hope, Alarmtun not have to hear this too often. Although the disaster two years ago is now quite a while ago, but the memory of it still more than alive.
There are also numerous apps for Android, Windows and iOS phones – for example from Yahoo. These warn of earthquakes, Heavy rain, Hurricanes… and from radioactivity! One day I had the beautiful times Breaking News “Attention: Increase in radioactivity around the 5-fold in Nagaoka, Niigata!” on display. 10 Minutes later there was another message: “Sorry, was a measurement error!”. The main thing, it will not be boring…
Japanese trains are known worldwide for their punctuality yes. The opinion was slightly changed, if one day in years, day out is traveling by train in Tokyo, but all in all the railway traffic is remarkable. This affects not only the timeliness and cleanness of itself, Instead, the system simply: Draws, for example, someone on one of the many JR lines in Tokyo the emergency brake or presses the alarm button, a driver, available within seconds, all JR lines (There are also numerous other, private Bahnlinien) still. Only when the Einatzzentrale has become clear, what happened where and why, move all other, not affected paths again. And then the really remarkable: Although everything is clocked down to the second, “recovered” the system very quickly. In a network of dozens of railroad lines, with trains, often in 2-3 Minute drive, this is really amazing.
What I also appreciate the railways – and what has always driven me, for example, in Germany on the palm – the information strategy. If a train one, two minutes late in Japan, will be announced in due time on the display panels and speakers. And as long, until the train comes. Since many trains are now equipped now in metropolitan areas with TV board, is also shown in the trains, currently the reasons which have delay lines. Sometimes there are 0, in extreme cases up to 23 Lines (the highest, I've seen so far – with typhoons and earthquakes by). Sometimes amusing is the English translation for the reasons of delay. The most common are
Inspection of door / vehicle – Wagon / door inspection or. Problems with the selfsame
Signal Suites ra bulldog – Problems with the sign Alan Long
Strong wind – Storm
Personal accident – Personal injury
Abnormal noise – Strange noises
represented. No.. 1 and 5 are quickly resolved, bei 2. it can sometimes take hours, bei attypically least 2 Hours and at 3. one can only pray, is the weather better. Sometimes, however, one reads about creative reasons:
Trouble on board
The reason for the delay is always right: “Trouble on Board” usually means, that people get into the wool or a full drunkard has fully rolled the wagon. It happens, especially the latter…
Smoking on Tracks?
In this case it was the result display to “Smoking on tracks”. What had happened? Someone had smoked on the tracks? Only gives information about the Japanese: Smoke on the route.
Unfortunately, something difficult to detect, as recorded from a distance in the well-filled train: Here was a “Obstacle Thing” – a “Hindernisding” root of evil.
Who wants to know the way, as it looks, if so please rest pretty much all lines: See the advert (these are found in the major interchanges) below. The display is normally completely white. Orange stands for lines, the only run late or limited, red represents lines, the complete stand still. The photo was taken on a Taifuntag:
(Almost) Complete failure
Yet – the most beautiful announcement I once heard in Germany. In EC from Strasbourg to Frankfurt / Main somebody said somewhere before Darmstadt: “Dear passengers, at the present time we can not say with certainty, that this train will make it to Frankfurt. We have a Lokschaden. Those in a hurry, may change in Darmstadt in the ICE, But perhaps (!) We also manage to Frankfurt”. Simply divine.
Sometimes I think, that in Japan only builds and tinkers, to build and tinker. Thus, in the area of my company. Since last year was the road sawed at every nook and corner. This of course makes one hell of a noise. Here is a rectangle, as a rectangle. This went on for weeks. Then the bodies were torn. Then came other men, put cameras in the rusted pipes and looked, because what is going on in the pipes. Everything was closed provisionally again. Then again, everything was sawed in spring. And now, in the fall or winter again. The streets now look really colorful: Black asphalt patch here, Patches because – bare chaos, and everything looks only provisionally. And not somewhere in the border area, Although in a quiet but, but very central area, which is famous for its fine boutiques and stores very well known (Ebisu / Daikan 'yama).
Somehow somewhere current flows through ...
During the construction, I could not help but naturally, A glance to throw out, because what the ground so rumliegt. And the pipes do not look very trustworthy. But they still look better than standing around the open transformer poles. The fascinate me after all these years still. How can a country, etc permanently from the typhoons and earthquakes. is haunted, all the wiring can easily around a makeshift stand so? It's simple: Japan, the country with the high-tech image, is in fact a low-tech country, if you look around once in life. This need not necessarily bad, but the Tunnel accident on Monday im Sasago-Tunnel Tokyo mit bei 9 Deaths can certainly be regarded as a warning sign. In detail-obsessed Japan is also a very profane tunnel collapse possible (it was not the first) – and do so without earthquakes, and only a short time after a general inspection of the tunnel. Which means, Japan there are plenty of trouble, its infrastructure to keep in excess, but a lot is in a bad, and there is currently no better straight but rather worse, because as soon, was such as built during the boom in the 1980s, is stretched to about 30 Years with the Maintenance are hard behind.
This Contribution Blogger Umij colleague reminded me yesterday because, I once wanted to write a short article about noise in Japan, and before I forget again, I'd better start at the same.
My first impression, I landed in Japan – that was in April 1996 – was as follows: My God, here is every. Even the doors. This happened in a small shuttle train, that runs between the terminals at Narita Airport. A sweet voice whispered something, I still absolutely not then understood, and the door shut with a satisfied smacking. Well, the last one was stolen by Douglas Adams.
In Japan, one works, it seems, very happy with acoustic effects. And with voices of band, the sonicate always and everywhere the area. S talk. Lights talk (sometimes). Escalators talk. Platforms and trains anyway. Doors. Vending machines. All chatters to himself. Parks are sonicated. Interest in Japan is, how much importance it attaches to the acoustic effects.
Sample Station: Very many railway stations in Japan have a signature tune. This melody is unique to each station – and stamps itself naturally, when you get out there and often passes. This of course has a huge advantage: While we often hear station announcements, the melody rather bored already to mind and gives the dozing passenger ode piffling: Here is your station, get out. At larger stations, there are often also depending on line and / or platform varying melodies. For example, at Ebisu station (Tokyo, Yamanote-Ringlinie):
Recognized? Exactly, this is the soundtrack from the “The Third Man”. And since it eponymous one, and quite drinkable beer in Japan is (which was actually made earlier in Ebisu), same music is also used in beer advertising. But only at the margins.
The tradition of 発車 メロディ hassha merodii – “Departure melody” began 1971 at a private railway line (Keihan Line), because the runs between Kyoto and Osaka. When new rail lines makes you look a lot of effort and can compose some new songs – at each station, we hear a small piece of the overall work.
Sticking to the railway station. Yes trains have usually an alarm signal, which are used primarily in Japanese cities often must, If the platforms are packed. Vor ca. 3, 4 Years ago I fell on especially a train – an express train, the good with 100 km / h directly thunders on the platform of my station. With the usual train whistles? Honk? (like the really hot?) I have wondered many times, if they sometimes cause more harm – They are so loud and shrill, that scares usually, and it would not surprise me, if anyone ever fell in terror on the tracks. When that train is different: The horn is very subtle, a rather faint howl, in which less frightened, but immediately gets the feeling, that imminent danger and something very, rapidly approaching. I'm not expert enough, to analyze the truly can, But I have a feeling, this horn mimics the Doppler effect (In this recording, there are several examples to hear – I mean the siren in the first 10 Seconds):
The recording was made at departure – on occasion I'll take the time to, when a train rushes past really.
About main stations: Some rail lines are used, for example, different speakers for announcements from the band: The following example hear two announcements at the same time: The female voice is the one direction (von Tokyo weg) used, the male voice on the other hand for all trains to Tokyo. This is very clever, because even if both announcements are running simultaneously, can be understood fairly easily (this would explain why Japanese…), what's happening. And – so you get used to it, simply ignored the female voice (in my case, may also be useful in everyday life :-), since one morning always goes to Tokyo:
And finally, in my opinion, still a very good example of sound design: The earthquake early warning. That we have 2011 to satisfy one. Very easy, but very distinct. With side effect: Numerous Japanese 2011 developed a real allergy to this noise – with acute stress outbreak, when they hear the sound. Since the reproduction is prohibited, here only as a link: Official, developed by the state radio earthquake early warning.
For the case, that one or the other reader in Japan and has not heard anything about it: An exceptionally kräfiger typhoon, No.. 17, currently draws across Japan. Currently, the typhoon is about to Okinawa – on Sunday, he will draw the day with relatively high probability of the Kansai region, and in the night between Sunday and Monday on the Tokyo area. With 925 hPa in the center, he is one of the major, and reserves in the course of, Sunday will run transport links into central Japan, not much. To date can be here learn.
Sharp mobile phone with Geiger counters. Those: Softbank website
Comes with one and a half years late there, but still it will not be too late: Softbank, one of the three mobile operators in Japan, throws a new smartphone on the market – PANTONE ® das 5 107Sharp SH. The highlight of the device: It may also include violinist. A push of the button, and off you go. According to the manufacturer, it can measure γ-rays and used cesium 137 (137Cs) as a guide. The span between 0.05 and 9.99 Microsievert (see description at Softbank). Since the mobile phone of course also has GPS, You can use it to perform great field measurements. However, it takes approximately 2 Minutes, until you receive a useful result. Splash-proof, it is also, According to unconfirmed rumors, and you can even make calls to.
The main events at the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster in 1 are now more than 17 Months back. In the area around Tokyo, the radioactivity appears to have fallen near the bottom, but it is of course still there and will accumulate mainly along rivers, to finally arrive in the Bay of Tokyo. For the inhabitants of the eastern part of Fukushima prefecture this phone is still propagated useful and will certainly well received. The price does the rest – the phone only costs 23.520 yen, so good 200 Euro.
Mediator being, you can even the way in Tsutaya, the largest video rental chain in Japan, free (for a day) Geiger Counter Select. Certainly not in any branch, but still.
Yesterday, at the 22. More 2012, was the 634 Meter high Tokyo Sky Tree was officially inaugurated – Unfortunately, under very unfavorable conditions, because it was raining all day. This means, the lucky ones, The months in advance tickets for the viewing platforms on 350 and m 451 m did not catch, pretty much did nothing. After the opening of the Tokyo Gate Bridgethus, a second new landmark of Tokyo inaugurated within three months of well-. The baptism of fire emblem already had both the most severe earthquake 11. March 2011 were. Although both buildings were not finished yet, but if known, the constructions put away the earthquake problem.
Tokyo Sky Tree – this is not just the tower itself, but also a great, connected building complex called 東京スカイツリータウン Tokyo Sky Tree Town with a total of 230 000 m² of building space. There are housed a shopping center, a planetarium, and the Sumida-Aquarium すみだ 水族館. The latter is in a giant aquarium, underwater world of the Ogasawara(also: Bonin called)Islands to and should probably be quite impressive - a taste of the news section below provides. In addition to the complex is also still the same to another, new shopping center, called 東京ソラマチ Tokyo Solamachi.
From Tokyo Sky Tree promises to be an invigorating effect on the economy of the surrounding area, and that might arrive too, because numerous Japanese love the tower already. Of course, the tower also brought a few problems with it, but it can be heard – this is typical for Japan – little:
The tower construction site September 2009
- the environment is an old, traditional neighborhood (a typical Old town – shitamachi – Undercity, and the tower is roughly the area from the sleeping tear. That's right. Sure, the land prices to skyrocket (or. this will be done already) and displace many long term residents.
- Snow clumps, falling from the tower (600 m as provide for a proper speed) are a problem for the environment, especially strong winds often prevail here
- The tower is currently disturbs the still of the old Tokyo Tower outgoing radio waves, what are some areas in the north of Tokyo is already noticeable
Here are some trivia on Tokyo Sky Tree. Note especially the speed: From initial concept to full completion were not needed 10 Years, what a project this size is more than remarkable.
The idea for the tower was built 2003
The site was 10 Months later, and chosen more 5 Months later decided
In March 2008 was clear plan of, In June, the MSRP (Environmental Impact Assessment) completed
Construction began in December 2008
The tower is lower triangular and round above
The upper viewing platform on 451.2 m is the second highest in the world (more) – according to the World Financial Center in Shanghai
Japanese people can remember easily, the amount, because 634 man kann Mu-sa-shi (Musashi) read (The old name of the area around Tokyo)
The entrance to the lower platform 350 m costs 2,500 Yen (about 20 Euro)
The entrance to the upper platform 450 m It is available again 1,000 Yen (8 Euro)
For now, it comes up with pre-. By the end of July, the tower is already fully booked
An enterprising Chinese has the name “Tokyo Sky Tree” copyright protection in China can, what was the problem for the shareholders: They subsequently had the Chinese name “東京天空樹”Tokyo Sky Treeimmelsturm) in “Tokyo tower clear skyabout (etwa: Tokyo descend clearance Heaven-Turm) modify - the same goes for the station name
At the 5. April Gab Casio bekannt, that it will throw a new camera on the market: A futuristic digital camera with the euphonious name “EXILIM EX-TR150″, which is to stand out by following: With a stylus, you can edit later on the screen of the camera photos. With editing is not only vile cut, or anything else meant to focus: You can add all sorts of cute elements (for Japan-experts: Im purikura-style) and, Now it is, People can attach the photo later on make-up. No joke! What is meant is no war paint, but subtle (?) Just make-up.
Briefly, the camera is advertised on TV. Only briefly. At the 20. April should start selling, and a good piece to the 30,000 yen cost – So less than 300 Euro. Unfortunately, the Casio market or. Japanese women grossly underestimated. Today, also am 13. April, Casio announced, that there are far more pre-orders can produce as Casio. So stop the sale announced – before the camera ever gets into any business.
Thus legends are born. A beautiful story. And true to Japanese (although this is true also in some other safe countries), at nothing to fear because Japanese women more, as ~Tsu Pin element (Suppin – unvarnished) to be photographed. Since this camera has of course.